Bibliography

Citation numbers correspond to the numbers in parantheses throughout the website. A combination of sources were used, including primary literature found through MSU historical databases, Proquest, Sabin Americana, and Civil War Letters and Diaries, and scientific literature, as well as popular articles and websites.

1. “American Whaling.” New Bedford Whaling Museum. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
2. Battle-fields of the South, from Bull Run to Fredericksburg : with sketches of Confederate commanders, and gossip of the camps. Volume 2. London, 1863. 408pp. 2 vols. Sabin Americana. Gale, Cengage Learning. Michigan State University Libraries. 20 April 2015.
3. “Battle of the Crater Summary and Facts.” Civil War Trust. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
4. “The Battle of Gettysburg Summary and Facts.” Civil War Trust. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
5. Bell, Andrew McIlwaine. Mosquito Soldiers : Malaria, Yellow Fever, and the Course of the American Civil War. Baton Rouge, LA, USA: Louisiana State University Press (LSU Press), 2010. Accessed January 28, 2015. ProQuest ebrary.
6. Brady, Lisa M.. Environmental History and the American South : War Upon the Land : Military Strategy and the Transformation of Southern Landscapes During the American Civil War. Athens, GA, USA: University of Georgia Press, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2015. ProQuest ebrary.
7. Bull, Rice C. Soldiering: The Civil War Diary of Rice C. Bull, 123rd New York Volunteer Infantry. Edited by K. Jack Bauer. San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1977.
8. Chesnut, Mary Boykin Miller, 1823-1886, Diary of Mary Boykin Chesnut, February, 1865, in A Diary from Dixie. Martin, Isabella D. and Avary, Myrta L., eds.. New York, NY: D. Appleton & Co., 1905, pp. 424. S892-D035
9. Child, Lydia Maria Francis, 1802-1880, Letter from Lydia Maria Child to Eliza Scudder, April, 1868, in Letters of Lydia Maria Child with a Biographical Introduction by John G. Whittier and Appendix by Wendell Phillips. Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1883, pp. 280. S109-D132 [Bibliographic Details]
10. Eagles, Paul F. J., and Stephen F. McCool. Tourism in National Parks and Protected Areas: Planning and Management. New York: CABI Pub., 2002. Print.
11. “Earthworks.” Civil War Defenses of Washington. National Parks Service, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
12. “Environmental Effects Of Canal-Building.” Tech Times RSS. 05 Mar. 2015. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
13. Frost, Herbert C., Gerald L. Storm, Michele J. Batcheller, and Matthew J. Lovallo. “White-Tailed Deer Management at Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site.” JSTOR. Wiley, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
14. Furs and their Uses. Written for the N Y Home Journal and the Charleston Mercury. The Charleston Mercury (1840-1865) [Charleston, S.C] 04 Jan 1860: 1.
15. Gage, M. D. From Vicksburg to Raleigh; or, a Complete History of the Twelfth Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry, and the Campaigns of Grant and Sherman, with an Outline of the Great Rebellion. Chicago: Clarke, 1865
16. George Remley to Ma, September 9, 1864, in Holcomb, Southern Sons, Northern
a. Soldiers, 157.
17. George Perkins Marsh: Versatile Vermonter. 1958 New York: Columbia University.
18. “George Perkins Marsh Institute.” About George Perkins Marsh. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
19. “Gettysburg Animals.” National Parks Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
20. Grant to Halleck, July 14, 1864, OR, ser. 1, vol. 37, pt. 2, p. 301. Halleck relayed
a. this directly to Hunter in a July 17 communication: Halleck to Hunter, July 17, 1864, ibid., 366. This order is often mistakenly associated with Sheridan’s later raids.
21. Grant to Sheridan, August 26, 1864, in Grant, Memoirs, 1067.
22. “Graves Could Be Silent Environmental Disaster IGIHE.com English Version.” Graves Could Be Silent Environmental Disaster IGIHE.com English Version. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
23. Improvement on the Land of the South. Memphis Daily Appeal (1847-1865) [Memphis, TN] 27 May 1859: 1.
24. I. Norval Baker, diary fragment (transcript), 7, I. Norval Baker Papers (ms 357), vmi, http://www.vmi.edu/uploadedFiles/Archives/Manuscripts/00357 Baker/Baker20Full20text.pdf, accessed December 18, 2009.
25. Jones, Charles Colcock. Pamphlets on the Civil War, 1861-1865: 1-19. Ann Arbor: ProQuest I&L Research Collections. (1884)
26. Lance E. Davis, Robert E. Gallman and Karen Gleiter. “In Pursuit of Leviathan: Technology, Institutions, Productivity, and Profits in American Whaling, 1816-1906”
27. “Local among Men Looking to save Our Natural Resources.” Meadville Tribune. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
28. Logsdon, Gene. “Human Bodies For Fertilizer?” The Contrary Farmer. N.p., 14 Nov. 2012. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
29. Marsh, George Perkins. Man and Nature. Cambridge: Harvard U, 1967. Print.
30. Morris, Edmund. Derrick and drill, or, An insight into the discovery, development, and present condition and future prospects of petroleum, in New York, … New York, 1865. 274pp. Sabin Americana. Gale, Cengage Learning. Michigan State University Libraries. 28 January 2015.
31. “Oil and Gas Drilling/Development Impacts.” Oil and Gas Drilling/Development Impacts. Office of Indian Energy and Economic Development, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
32. Ramseur, Stephen Dodson. “General Ramseur Fights and Dies for His Country.” In Commager, Blue and the Gray, 2:1042–49.
33. Restoring America’s Wildlife: The Pittman-Robertson Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, 1992. 1992. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
34. Robert Barton memoir excerpt, in Colt, Defend the Valley, 339.
35. “Sherman’s March.” History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
36. Sherman to Halleck, January 1, 1865, in OR, ser. 1, vol. 44, pp. 7–14, quotations from p. 13.
37. Taylor, Richard. Destruction and Reconstruction: Personal Experiences of the Late War. Edited by Richard Harwell. New York: Longmans, Green, 1955.
38. “Technical Aspects of Wetlands History of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States.” History of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States. US Geological Survey, 7 Mar. 1997. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
39. The Army Before Richmond: A REVIEW BY GENERAL McCLELLAN A VICTORY ENTRENCHMENTS THE PROSPECTS DISTANCE OF THE ARMY FROM RICHMOND
The Boston Herald (1846-1865) [Boston, Mass] 27 June 1862: 4.
40. The Diary of a lady of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, from June 15 to July 15, 1863. Pamphlets on the Civil War, 1861-1865: 0_1,1-29. Ann Arbor: ProQuest I&L Research Collections. (1864)
41. “The Drake Well: About Us.” Drake Well Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.
42. “The Facts About the Battle Of Franklin.” Civil War Trust. N.p., 2014. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
43. “The Near-Extinction Of American Bison In The 1800’s.” All That Is Interesting. N.p., 18 May 2011. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
44. Theodore Allen diary, January 12, [1865], Filson Historical Society.
45. “The Yellow Fever Plot: Newbern, N.C., May 31, 1865,” Bermuda Royal Gazette, June 13, 1865.
46. United States. National Park Service. “History & Culture: Gettysburg.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 18 Apr. 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
47. United States. National Park Service. “History & Culture: Yosemite.” National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, n.d. Web. 18 Apr. 2015.
48. Widmer, Ted. “The Civil War’s Environmental Impact.” New York Times 14 Nov. 2014. Print.
49. Wilde, Robert. “Chevauchée – Definition.” About European History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.
50. Wills, Charles W. Army Life of an Illinois Soldier: Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman’s March to the Sea, Letters and Diary of the Late Charles W. Wills. Compiled by Mary E. Kellogg. Washington, D.C.: Globe Printing, 1906.

Pictures:

Battle of Franklin:
“The Facts About the Battle Of Franklin.” Civil War Trust. N.p., 2014. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/franklin/ten-facts/ten-facts-about-the-battle-of.html

Battle of the Crater:
“At Battle of the Crater, Black Troops Prove Their Courage.” The Washington Post, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/at-battle-of-the-crater-black-troops-prove-their-courage/2014/04/23/fd953db8-bf68-11e3-b574-f8748871856a_story.html

The Black Swamp:
“Technical Aspects of Wetlands History of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States.” History of Wetlands in the Conterminous United States. US Geological Survey, 7 Mar. 1997. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. https://water.usgs.gov/nwsum/WSP2425/history.html

The Drake Well:
“Titusville, PA, 1865.” ExplorePAHistory.com – Image. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. http://explorepahistory.com/displayimage.php?imgId=1-2-33C

Gettysburg:
Press, The Associated. “National Park Service Calls off Deer Hunt in Valley Forge.” Penn Live. N.p., 23 Dec. 2009. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. http://www.pennlive.com/midstate/index.ssf/2009/12/national_park_service_calls_of.html

Man and Nature:
“George Perkins Marsh.” Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015.http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/366490/George-Perkins-Marsh

Shenandoah Valley:
“Tallying Agric. Stats for Losses during “the Burning” in the Shenandoah.” Cenantuas Blog. N.p., 27 Sept. 2013. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. https://cenantua.wordpress.com/2013/09/27/tallying-agric-stats-for-losses-during-the-burning-in-the-shenandoah/

Sherman’s March:
“Civil War History.” Jocelyn Green RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. http://www.jocelyngreen.com/reader-love/civil-war-history-2/

Vicksburg:
Brady, Lisa M.. Environmental History and the American South : War Upon the Land : Military Strategy and the Transformation of Southern Landscapes During the American Civil War. Athens, GA, USA: University of Georgia Press, 2012. Accessed January 28, 2015. ProQuest ebrary.

Whaling:
“The Navy Sinks the Stone Fleet.” Massachusetts Sesquicentennial Commission of the American Civil War, n.d. Web. 21 Apr. 2015. http://ma150.org/day-by-day/1861-12-19/navy-sinks-stone-fleet
“The Near-Extinction Of American Bison In The 1800’s.” All That Is Interesting. N.p., 18 May 2011. Web. 18 Apr. 2015. http://all-that-is-interesting.com/post/5631232781/the-near-extinction-of-american-bison-in-the-1800s